How BASIC Inspired Todays Important Programming Languages

Determining what language to learn can be a difficult task, though, given the number of languages and frameworks available, each serving a different sector of the industry. For example, if you wanted to learn how to program to handle and manipulate large datasets, you wouldn’t choose a language or framework built for mobile app development, like Swift, Kotlin, or Flutter. On the other hand, programming languages have practically no redundancy, otherwise, it would be very easy to fall into ambiguity and not indicate the correct command. Each programming language has an unique set of keywords along with a special syntax to organize the software’s instructions. A programming language consists of a vocabulary containing a set of grammatical rules intended to convey instructions to a computer or computing device to perform specific tasks. The first official version of Go was released in 2012 by Google.

  • But, this is very popular introductory language in the computer science department of MIT’s.
  • At present, thousand programming languages have been implemented.
  • The result of each pattern generator is of type Stream, which represents an infinite sequence of values.
  • Writing programs directly in machine code would be tedious and error-prone as all the numerical addresses for branch instructions and data locations would need to be calculated manually.
  • It’s true that when one hears the word “programming,” many people feel apprehensive.

Java is slightly based on C and C++ and is quite extensive in reach and likeability. After Java has been learned by the beginner programmer, they establish a solid foundation that helps computer programmers to easily acquire more complex topics of computer science. It’s important to state that Java is one of the most widely-used programming languages that will be consistently be used for years to come.

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Music making is often a collaborative process, while computation is often viewed as discrete operations where input is provided at the beginning and output occurs at the end. Perhaps music will help to expand thinking about computer languages in general. # is Microsoft’s extremely popular programming language that is commonly used for developing desktop/web applications, web services and game development. The programming language C# is predominantly used on the Windows .NET framework however it can easily be implemented within an open-source platform.

Yet its simplicity inspired a small company called Microsoft to develop the high-level Microsoft BASIC language in the mid-1970s, using a tiny amount of RAM at a time when 4KB was often as much memory as a device could offer. Before embarking on a broad discussion of languages for computer music, it will be useful to survey the landscape. To begin, the timeline in Figure 1 shows a number of computer music languages and their date of introduction or development.

• Explicit “out-of-time” systems do not run in real time and instead keep track of musical time as part of the computation. Their main interest is not to develop new software, but to explore musical ideas. Ready-made modules often facilitate exploration or even inspire new musical directions; thus, libraries of reusable program modules are important for most computer musicians. This sometimes inhibits the adoption of new languages, which do not emerge with a mature set of ready-made capabilities and examples. One trend in computer music software is “plug-in” architectures, allowing libraries to be used by multiple languages and software systems.


Functional programming, especially for real-time systems, is not very popular. Another way to model audio computation graphs is with objects and object-oriented programming. In this approach, we do not view sounds as “values” and we do not rely on the language and runtime system to implement them efficiently using lazy evaluation.

With block computation, we compute block-by-block instead of sample-by-sample. Thus, much of the computational overhead can be amortized over multiple samples. While this is a seemingly small detail, it can result in a factor of two speedup.


Students will use Microsoft Azure tools for hands-on labs via weekly recorded workshops. There is a variety of low-code platforms on the market, but we’re going to focus on Mendix in this section as it was recently named a low-code solution leader in the 2021 Forrester Wave Low-Code Development Platform study. Gartner predicts that by 2024, 65% of application development will be achieved using low-code. Developed by Microsoft with a drag-and-drop style of choosing and changing pre-selected chunks of code through a graphical user interface .

Python is easy to learn because there are so many different learning resources that make the acquisition process easier than previously expected. Faust also differs from most other languages because it does not rely on a limited set of built-in unit generators. Instead, Faust programs operate at the audio sample level and can express unit generators. In fact, Faust can output code that compiles into unit generators for a variety of languages such as Csound, described earlier.